Kalsang Jinpa | 格桑金巴

Kalsang Jinpa | 格桑金巴

On Thursday, Nov 8, 2012, 18-year-old nomad, Kalsang Jinpa, set himself on fire at the Dolma Square in front of the Rongwo Monastery in Rebkong, eastern Tibet. The former monk of the Rongwo Monastery raised a white banner with slogans calling for the Dalai Lama’s return and the rights of the Tibetan people before setting himself ablaze. He passed away in his fiery protest.

Kalsang Jinpa was born in 1995, in a place called Dong-nge, a part of the large Doba nomadic tribe of Amdo Rebkong, to Dechok Kyi, the daughter of Elderman Lama Kyab and Yulo.

He was brought up by his grandparents and went to Dowa primary school at the age of nine. In 2007, when he was thirteen years of age, he became a monk and enrolled himself at Rongpo monastery to study Buddhism.

In 2008 the Rebkong Armed Police chained his hands and feet and tortured him for two days under the pretext of having protested against the higher authorities.

In 2009 he received an award for attaining first position in an oral examination in the school.

On 15 August 2009 he completed his graduation and received his degree from Rebkong Shar Kyabgon, who spoke very highly of his academic result and moral conduct, and advised him to continue to strive for his further education.

During a pilgrimage tour of Lhasa in January of 2010, when he was returning from a visit to Gaden monastery, the Taktser County Security Police detained him without any reason. After two days he was released with an order forcing him to put on layman’s clothes in place of his monk’s robe. This must have created an unforgettably large wound in his heart.

In 2011, at the age of seventeen, he was promoted to the intermediate class of Rongpo Dialectic School. Because of his diligence, respect to the elders, and love for the younger ones, everyone considered him a noble monk. In February of 2012, at the age of eighteen, he returned home and became a member of Tani Mother Tongue Club.

He put extra efforts on the issue of speaking pure Tibetan mother tongue, and received the second position award in a competition identifying Tibetan terms for many articles of daily use.

On 8 November 2012 (25th Day of the Ninth Tibetan month), at about 4 pm, Kalsang Jinpa sacrificed his precious life by setting himself on fire at the gate of Rongpo Monastery. He demanded the return of His Holiness the Dalai Lama from exile, equality of all nationals, freedom of language, and protection of environment, by raising these slogans, verbally and in writing. While on fire he ran more than hundred seventy steps on the Dolma playground before collapsing and eventually becoming a Bodhisattva.

 

Kalsang Jinpa | 格桑金巴 was the 75th(72thinside Tibet) Tibetan self-immolator since 2009.

格桑金巴,安多热贡(今青海省黄南藏族自治州同仁县)多哇乡牧民,18岁。
2012年11月8日,中共十八大召开当日,下午4时左右,格桑金巴在同仁县隆务寺大门里点燃自己,一边呼喊口号,一边抛撒写好的遗言:“尊者达赖喇嘛返回西藏!”“民族平等!”“语言自由!”“保护自然环境!”等等。最终倒在卓玛广场上度母圣像的旁边,当场牺牲。
隆务寺僧众为首的数千藏人将他的遗体安放在度母广场,并将绘有尊者达赖喇嘛、班禅喇嘛和噶玛巴仁波切的唐卡供奉遗体前。随后在隆务寺后山东加拉(高僧火葬之地)举行了隆重的火葬仪式。
他出生于多哇乡东唯村富裕的牧民家庭。生母是徳确吉,修行喇嘛嘉与玉洛的女儿;父亲名叫角巴。他有四个兄妹,从小由他的祖父母抚养,他的叔叔是隆务寺高僧。
他9岁入多哇小学。2007年,13岁的他出家为僧,在隆务寺佛学院修习佛法。2008年,同仁县武警以抗议政府为名,将他的手脚戴上镣铐,殴打折磨两天之久。2010年1月,格桑金巴去拉萨朝圣,在朝拜了甘丹寺返回的路上,被达孜县公安警察拘留。两天后,他被释放,却被强迫脱下袈裟,换上俗人服装。2012年2月,18岁的他还俗回乡后,参加了塔尼(Tani)母语小组,为推广标准母语做出了贡献。
他自焚后的第二天,黄南州民族师范学校,州民族高级中学,职业技术学校,同仁县民族中学等学校的学生及僧俗民众上万人聚集隆务寺度母广场,高呼“民族平等”、“团结一致”、“语言自由”和“允许达赖喇嘛返回西藏”等口号,齐声念诵尊者达赖喇嘛长寿祈请文,进行了和平抗议。
黄南州州委书记在当地电视上散布不实之词,说格桑金巴是由于被寺院开除而不堪忍受家庭问题才自焚的。
新华网2013年2月7日报道60中,称格桑金巴是22岁,“是一名典型的厌世者……为了与女友恋爱而还俗,后发现女友卖淫而分手……金巴生前应患有‘性病’,失恋打击、身染疾病以及还俗后家人和朋友的排斥导致他厌世。”
中国中央电视台2013年2月28日播的官方宣传片称格桑金巴是“金巴”,没有说他有“性病”、“ 厌世者”之类,而是说他“情感生活遭遇挫折”,所以就说“活着没意思,自焚算了”。 吐辉寺僧人久美丹增、同仁县藏人南卡先、同仁县唐卡画师英交加等被捕,被指控拍摄自焚现场照片、向外透露自焚消息及发送照片、去自焚家人慰问并捐款等,目前尚不知判刑情况。

遗言:

“为了实现民族平等,西藏自由,发扬西藏语言文字,迎请尊者达赖喇嘛返回西藏,自己决定自焚。”

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